The origins of Valva date back at least to the Protohistoric Era. There is evidence to show the presence of a culture that settled at the foot of the Valva Mountain.
Here, like in many other villages of the region, archaeological ruins suggest that these were mainly rural villages. Furthermore, the black painted ceramics document a culture that settled down around the second half of the IV century B.C..
During the Norman period, Valva was the seat of a priorate of the Great Abbey of Saint Benedict in Salerno, under the name of Saint Bartholomew.
At the beginning of the XI century, the Normans settled at the foot of the Marzano Mountain, building their civil and military settlements. Robert Guiscard gave this feud to his commander Gozzolino; most likely it is from him that the Valva family, who built the various fortifications, descends.